Friday, June 22, 2012 - Page updated at 04:54 PM

40 years of Title IX: By the numbers

A lot has changed since Title IX was signed into law on June 23, 1972. There are more women's teams than ever and more opportunities to play sports, for both men and women. Compare the numbers from then and now (click on a graphic to view it full-size). An Even Playing Field: 40 years of Title IX in sports →

UW and WSU

Getting started

According to Washington and Washington State, these are the first years of competition for current women's sports at each school.

Making the grade

Washington and Washington State's women's athletes are cutting it in the classroom, too.

Wrestling with Title IX

Opponents of Title IX point to the law as the reason some men's sports have been dropped. One of the men's sports cut most often has been wrestling.

Washington high schools

State championships

The first state championships in girls high school sports in Washington were contested in 1969, according to the Washington Interscholastic Activities Association. A look at each sport and the first year it named a state champion.

A Seattle sample

In 1972-73, girls could attend 17 high schools in Seattle's District 10. Here's a look at the number of sports offered then and in 2011-12.

High school participation

A dramatic, 40-year rise

In 1971-72, the year before the passage of Title IX, girls represented just 7.4 percent of the participants in high school sports in the United States. By 2010-11, the number had risen to 41.4 percent.

Participation on the rise

High school sports participation is increasing for both boys and girls in Washington. In the past nine years, participation rates have climbed more than 7 percent for each.

Sport by sport

Football attracts the most players of all the boys teams in Washington high schools. For girls, volleyball and track and field attract the most athletes. A sport-by-sport look, for the 2010-11 school year.


More opportunities

According to an NCAA study, participation has increased in both men's and women's NCAA sports since 1981-82. The number of participants in Div. I, II and III sports has grown 51.4 percent for men and 196.4 percent for women since 1981-82.

More teams, more athletes

The number of women's varsity sports teams competing at NCAA Div. I, II and III schools has increased by nearly 3,000 teams since 1998.

More women's teams than ever

In 1970, two years before the passage of Title IX, NCAA schools averaged 2.5 varsity women's sports. In 2012, NCAA Div. I, II and III schools average 8.73 sports, the highest number ever.


McGuff part of a trend

When Washington replaced Tia Jackson with Kevin McGuff as its women's basketball coach before the 2011-12 season it was indicative of a trend. The number of women who are head coaches of Div. I women's basketball teams has dropped from 72.2 percent in 1992 to 65.2 percent in 2012.

More coaching jobs to men

In 1978, 58.2 percent of the head coaches of NCAA women's teams in all sports were female. In 2012, the number had decreased to 42.9 percent.

Coaching jobs, sport by sport

In most NCAA sports, the percentage of women coaching women's teams has decreased since 1978.