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Tuesday, September 21, 2004 - Page updated at 12:00 A.M.
AOL offering users second layer of security
By ANICK JESDANUN
NEW YORK Passwords alone won't be enough to get onto America Online (AOL) under a new, optional log-on service that makes AOL the first major U.S. online business to offer customers a second layer of security.
The so-called two-factor authentication scheme, being unveiled today, will cost $1.95 a month in addition to a one-time $9.95 fee. It is initially targeted at small businesses, victims of identity theft and individuals who pay a lot of bills and conduct other financial transactions through their AOL accounts.
Subscribers get a matchbook-size device from RSA Security displaying a six-digit code that changes every minute. The code is necessary to log on, so a scammer who guesses or steals a password cannot access the account without the device in hand.
Two-factor authentication whether through the RSA device, biometrics or cards printed with rotating lists of passwords is common in Scandinavia, Brazil, Singapore and selected countries. In the United States, its use is largely limited to employees accessing office networks remotely, or people with high-value financial portfolios.
AOL spokesman Andrew Weinstein said the time was ripe to offer it as subscribers move more of their sensitive personal, business and financial information online.
The offering also comes as scammers increasingly find ways to trick subscribers into giving their passwords by sending e-mail disguised as legitimate information requests.
And with so many sites now requiring passwords, many Internet users have become careless: They create easy-to-remember passwords that tend to be easy to guess or they write them down and post them at their computers.
By requiring the second, rotating password, "You don't have to remember complicated passwords to still have good security," said Scott Schnell, a senior vice president at RSA Security.
The second password will be required for checking e-mail and accessing services tied to the AOL account, including calendars, stock portfolios and AOL's Bill Pay.
Gartner analyst Avivah Litan believes a "very narrow set of consumers" perhaps 5 percent to 15 percent of AOL's 30 million subscribers would sign up, but "you have to start somewhere."
She said AOL's offering likely would prompt other Internet service providers and banks to consider such systems more seriously, though the prevailing belief these days is that customers will find them difficult to use.
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