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Friday, December 12, 2003 - Page updated at 12:00 A.M.

Statistics rank areas with top percentages of high-school grads

By Genaro C. Armas
The Associated Press

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WASHINGTON — Mostly rural states in the West and Midwest have the highest percentage of residents with high-school diplomas, with Washington state ranked sixth, according to Census Bureau figures released yesterday.

And among cities with 250,000 or more people, Raleigh, N.C., had the highest percentage of high-school graduates, 92 percent, followed by Seattle with 91.1 percent.

Some top locations had major universities in or near the city, such as Minneapolis and Lexington-Fayette, Ky., while others were close to major military installations, such as Colorado Springs, Colo., and Virginia Beach, Va.

Wyoming leads the nation with 90.2 percent of residents 25 and older having graduated from high school, followed by Utah at 90.1 percent, according to a 2002 survey. Minnesota, Alaska and Nebraska were next, each with rates of at least 89 percent.

High-school grads

States ranked by the percentage of residents age 25 and older with high-school diplomas, including equivalency degrees, in 2002, according to the Census Bureau.

State Percent

Wyo. 90.2

Utah 90.1

Minn. 89.8

Alaska 89.7

Neb. 89.3

Wash 89.1

Mont. 88.3

Iowa 88.1

Vt. 87.8

N.H. 87.7

S.D. 87.6

Kan. 87.5

Mass. 87.3

Hawaii 87.1

N.D. 86.9

U.S. 82.6

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

"This seems to be more related with minority composition and levels of immigration in these states than an urban-rural phenomenon," said Mark Mather, an analyst with the Population Reference Bureau, a Washington-based research group. Studies have shown that whites tend to receive more education than blacks and Hispanics.

Mather said even urban areas in the top states typically had higher percentages of high-school graduates than urban areas in states like California, Texas and Alabama, which have large minority populations.

A key for rural areas of the Midwest is to reverse the "brain drain" phenomenon, in which younger, more educated people leave for jobs in cities, said Mark Drabenstott, director of the Center for the Study of Rural America, in Kansas City, Mo.

"It's certainly a very common pattern for the last 30 or 40 years," he said. "Farm kids from these states have gone to a university and never looked back."

Mississippi has the lowest rate of adults with high-school diplomas at 75 percent, more than seven percentage points below the U.S. average of 82.6 percent.

Kentucky, Louisiana, Texas and West Virginia had the next-lowest rates. Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas are states with high minority populations, while Kentucky and West Virginia are in Appalachia, among the poorest regions in the country.

The data come from the 2002 American Community Survey, which the government is testing as an annual replacement for the census "long form" sent out at the start of each decade.





High school grads
Cities with 250,000 or more people in 2002 ranked by the percentage of residents with high-school diplomas, including equivalency degrees, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
city percent
Raleigh, N.C. 92.0
Seattle 91.1
Anchorage, Alaska 91.0
Virginia Beach, Va. 90.6
Lexington-Fayette, Ky. 89.3
Minneapolis 88.7
Colorado Springs, Colo. 88.5
Charlotte, N.C. 88.4
Portland, Ore. 87.8
Honolulu 86.8
Omaha, Neb. 86.8
Arlington, Texas 86.5
Albuquerque, N.M. 86.3
Columbus, Ohio 86.2
Indianapolis 84.7
Tulsa, Okla. 84.7
Pittsburgh 84.7
Aurora, Colo. 84.5
Wichita, Kan. 84.2
St. Paul, Minn. 84.1
Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. 84.0
Source: The Associated Press


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