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Originally published September 22, 2012 at 7:00 PM | Page modified September 22, 2012 at 9:01 PM

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It's crush time in Oregon's pinot land

Oregon's wine country is home to small wineries specializing in world-class pinot noir wines.

The Associated Press

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CARLTON, Ore. — Driving southwest from Portland an hour or so through the suburbs, you hit the heart of Oregon's wine country rather suddenly. Here the mountainous Coast Range slopes to the Willamette Valley floor, which is smothered with vineyards that produce some of the best pinot noir on earth.

Almost too quickly, you're far from Portland and into lush, green farmland where white-on-blue signs — often several to a post, flipping past like roadside ads for Burma Shave — point up quiet, twisty roads toward small, family-run wineries, many of which are harvesting and crushing grapes in coming weeks.

Oregon is home to some 500 wineries. After California, which produces 90 percent of U.S. wine, it is one of the top three wine-producing states, along with Washington and New York.

High-end tourism

But wine tourism here is a little different from some other regions. Oregon's winemakers are shooting for the high end of the market, targeting customers willing to pay $35 or more a bottle, though some varieties, especially whites, sell for less. Many vintners produce 1,500 or fewer cases a year and sell it all through their tasting rooms or wine clubs. You have to go there to find it, and visitors are doing just that.

"We're not interested in taking over," said Carrie Kalscheuer at Rex Hill winery, near Newberg. "We're interested in making a good pinot noir and being known for that."

For decades vintners believed northern Oregon was too cold to grow good wine grapes. They were wrong. Once growers began to realize the weather wasn't the problem they had feared, they realized that the climate plus the soil varieties produced by the state's varied geologic past melded beautifully to grow the thin-skinned, low-yielding and sometimes cranky pinot noir grape. Wine characteristics, growers say, can vary substantially from area to area in the valley, depending on the soil, even though the grape is the same.

The wines from the pinot noir grapes, the grape of the famed Burgundy district of France, are so good that they have at times bested their French forebears in international competitions. These wines also show up at formal White House dinners and on Wine Spectator's Top 100 list, where seven landed in 2006.

Oregon wineries got about 1.5 million visits last year. Linea Gagliano, who specializes in wine tourism for Travel Oregon, says that because the wineries tend to be small and family-owned, "it's not Napa Valley-busy, it's a more intimate experience. The emphasis is on quality, not so much on quantity."

Crush time bustles

One of the best, and busiest, times to visit is during the crush, when the grapes are harvested and pressed for the year's vintage. The crush normally extends well into October. Just remember that while there will be well-informed employees on hand, the winemakers themselves, otherwise often available, may be tied up with production.

On-site picnic facilities at the wineries are common and a few larger operations have high-end restaurants. Luxury restaurants and tourist lodgings are expanding to accommodate the soaring interest in wine tourism here, and include the Allison Inn, named by Travel + Leisure magazine as the top resort spa in the continental U.S. for 2012.

"People who are going to spend $50 on a bottle of wine want fine dining and accommodations," said Ellen Brittan, whose family owns Brittan Vineyards in McMinnville. "The high-end wineries and accommodations complement each other. They could not survive on their own."

A wide range of inns, B&Bs and simpler accommodations are available in the heart of the region and in nearby Portland, Salem and Corvallis, an hour or so away for day-trippers headed to the vineyards. Note that on the narrow highways through wine country, traffic can be dense at times.

But the days of free romps through tasting rooms generally are over, and visitors here, as in California, often pay a tasting fee or maybe $5 or $10 for samples of three or four different wines. The fee often is waived for a minimum purchase. Some tasting rooms even in out-of-the-way establishments may get a few hundred visitors in a week, and winemakers say they can't afford to pass out large quantities of free samples from vineyards with tiny production capacities.

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